• CAROLINA VÁSQUEZ Universidad de Antioquia


Optical transport systems have evolved in many senses with the pass of years. A first advance can be seen on the transport network, which at the beginning used TDM protocol for transport. PDH was the first used protocol, but due to its equipment complexity was replaced for SDH which gives to the optical network a better management. Later, optical networks use WDM to transport data and its improvement, DWDM is currently used providing to transport networks velocities over 100Gbps.

On the other hand, a new control plane protocol was development, MPLS and its improvement for optical networks GMPLS, which is based on the forwarding of information separated from header IP content and the label swapping between MPLS routers, allowing a faster processing of packets or optical signals over the network, this due to the use of labels on packets which contains its own routing information.



Biografía del autor/a

CAROLINA VÁSQUEZ, Universidad de Antioquia

Ingeniera de telecomunicaciones de la Universidad de Antioquia, con énfasis en la línea de comunicaciones ópticas y conocimiento en el diseño de redes de transporte DWDM y redes GPON.



International Union of Telecommunications, «Spectral grids for WDM applications: DWDM wavelength grid,» 2012.

M. Rouse, «time-division multiplexing,» 2005. [Online]. Available: http://whatis.techtarget. com/definition/time-division-multiplexing-TDM.

N. Massa, «Fiber Optic Telecommunication,» in fundamentals of photonics, Springfield: University of Connecticut, 2000, pp. 293-347., «SONET/SDH.» [Online]. Available: sonet_ sdh.htm.

J. M. Domínguez, «Synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH),» 2004. [Online]. Available:

ADVA Optical Networking, «WDM.» [Online]. Available:

International Union of Telecommunications,«Spectral grids for WDM applications: CWDM wavelength grid,» 2003.

G. Papadimitriou, C. Papazoglou, and A. Pomportsis, «Optical Switching: Switch Fabrics, Techniques, and Architectures,» J. Ligthwave Technol., vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 384-405, 2003.

Z. Zhou, K. Chen, and L. Zheng, «GMPLS RSVPTE Signaling Recovery with Graceful Restart in Optical User Network Interface,» in 2007, Optical Fiber Communication and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference.

0. Komolafe and J. Sventek, «Overview of Enhancements to RSVP-TE to Increase Control Plane Resilience,» in 2007, GMPLS Performance: Control Plane Resilience, Workshop on, pp. 1-6.

A. Banerjee et al., «Generalized Multiprotocol Label Switching: An Overview of Signaling Enhancements and Recovery Techniques,» IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 39, no. 7, July. 2001.

F. Palmieri, «GMPLS Control Plane Services in the Next-Generation Optical Internet,» Internet Protoc. J., vol. 11, no. 3, 2008.

A. Banerjee et al., «Generalized Multiprotocol Label Switching: An Overview of Routing and Management Enhancements,» IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 39, no. 1, Jan. 2001.

S. Gringeri and B. Basch, «Flexible Architectures for Optical Transport Nodes and Networks,» IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, no. 7, July 2010.

Fiber Optic Solution, «Tutorial of OADM,» 2016. [Online]. Available:

S. Perrin, «The Need for Next-Generation ROADM Networks,» 2010.

ADVA Optical Networking, «ROADM.» [Online]. Available: http://www.advaoptical. com/en/products/technology/roadm.aspx.

J. Fowler, «Next Gen optical networks,» 2012.

Cómo citar
VÁSQUEZ, C. (2017). CONTROL SYSTEMS FOR CURRENT OPTICAL NETWORKS BASED ON GMPLS PROTOCOL. Revista Ingeniería, Matemáticas Y Ciencias De La Información, 4(7). Recuperado a partir de