Palabras clave: teorías de la competitividad, comercio internacional, ventaja competitiva, competencia imperfecta, gestión estratégica


La competitividad es una preocupación para todos los agentes económicos e incluso para toda una sociedad debido a su relación con el desarrollo económico, el aumento de la producción y el empleo. El artículo ofrece una visión general de las principales teorías desde la ventaja comparativa hasta las teorías de la ventaja competitiva y las nuevas teorías de la competitividad y el comercio internacional. Se empleó el método cualitativo/cuantitativo y técnicas de análisis documental sobre fuentes secundarias de información. Se concluye que los rendimientos constantes y la competencia perfecta determinan la competitividad en las teorías tradicionales, mientras que los rendimientos crecientes y la competencia imperfecta caracterizan la competitividad en los nuevos enfoques.


Biografía del autor/a

Pedro Nel Paéz, Escuela Superior de Administra- ción Pública (ESAP)

Economista, posdoctor en Economía, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. PhD en Economía, Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Profesor asociado de la Fundación Universitaria Los Libertadores y la Escuela Superior de Administración Pública (ESAP), Bogotá.


William Guillermo Jim´enez, Escuela Superior de Administra- ción Pública (ESAP)

Abogado y administrador público, posdoctor en Derecho (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam), PhD en Ciencias Políticas (Universidad de Santiago de Compostela). Profesor titular de la Escuela Superior de Administración Pública (ESAP), Bogotá.

Jenny Danna Buitrago, Fundación Universitaria los Libertadores,

Economista, PhD en Sciences Economics, Université de Grenoble. Magíster en Economie et Gestion, Université Pierre Mèndes France. Profesora de la Fundación Universitaria los Libertadores, Bogotá.


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Cómo citar
Nel Paéz, P., Jim´enezW., & Buitrago, J. (2021). LAS TEORÍAS DE LA COMPETITIVIDAD: UNA SÍNTESIS. Revista Republicana, (31), 119-144. Recuperado a partir de